mosquito coil smoke rrl for research methodology

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Mosquito Repellent Activity of Phytochemical Extracts From ...- mosquito coil smoke rrl for research methodology ,intervention methods. Such intervention methods involve the use of insecticides, larvicides, topical repellents, among others, to intercept the vector-host interactions or contact. Cutting off orbreaking the link between mosquito vectors and human hosts consequently disrupts the life …Development of Herbal Mosquito Repellent Formulations ...Oct 18, 2021·Additionally, mosquito coils are also widely known as efficient mosquito repellents. The major active ingredient of the mosquito coils is Pyrethrins, accounting for about 0.3-0.4% of coil mass. When a mosquito coil is burned, the insecticides evaporate with the smoke which will then prevent the mosquitoes from entering the room.



Hepatotoxicity of Rambo and Cork Mosquito-Coil Smoke …

2007). One of the commonest and cheapest methods used by many families to avoid mosquito bites is the use of mosquito coil smoke to drive away mosquito from their sleeping rooms, especially, at nights. Mosquito coils are slow burning devices which emit smoke containing one or more insecticides. Each coil burns for several

PRODUCTION OF MOSQUITO REPELLENT USING ORANGE PEELS ...

PRODUCTION OF MOSQUITO REPELLENT USING ORANGE PEELS ABSTRACT Mosquito repellents are substances that can be used to repel mosquitoes which are a vector that transmits malaria. A typical example of a mosquito repellent is mosquito coil which drives away mosquito when it is ignited. The smoke that is emitted from burning a mosquito coil contains

Characteristics of emissions of air pollutants from ...

Burning of mosquito coils and candles will release a variety of toxic chemicals. A mosquito coil is spiral-shaped, the smoke of which is generally used for a mosquito repellent and insecticide in the tropical and subtropical areas (Li et al., 1993). The combustion of mosquito coils could generate particles containing heavy metals such as Cd, Zn

(PDF) Mosquito repellents: A review of chemical structure ...

This research is focused on the formulation of a natural mosquito repellent from the oil extracted from Azadirachta indica (A. Juss). The oil cream was formulated in concentrations of 10% v/w, 12 ...

(PDF) Ameliorating effects of Phoenix dactylifera on sub ...

Furthermore, long-term exposure to mosquito coil smoke (MCS) might induce asthma and persistent wheeze in children [Fagbule and Ekanem, 1994]. An increased incidence of lung cancer has been observed in occupational exposure to cigarette smoke, pesticide, insecticides smoke, and mosquito coil …

Effectiveness of plant-based repellents against different ...

Dec 21, 2019·Mosquito-transmitted diseases remain a main source of illness and death [].Despite decades of malaria control efforts, malaria continues to be a major worldwide public health issue with 3.3 billion persons at risk in 106 countries and territories in the tropical and subtropical areas [].It is one of the significant reasons for maternal and childhood morbidity and mortality, including low birth ...

Why The Mosquito Coil In Your Home Might Actually Kill You ...

Sep 12, 2014·A study conducted by the Indian Chest Research Foundation (ICRF) showed that inhaling the smoke from a mosquito coil in a closed room for 8 hours is equivalent to smoking about a hundred cigarettes. In another study conducted at the Taiwanese Institute of Medicine, it was found that a staggering fifty percent of the lung cancer deaths in Taiwan ...

Are mosquito coils safe? - Quora

Answer (1 of 14): The annual worldwide consumption of the four major types of residential insecticide products are -- aerosols, mosquito coils, liquid vaporizers, and vaporizing mats. “Not many people know about it, but the damage done to your lungs by one mosquito coil is equivalent to the dama...

Environmental health risks and benefits of the use of ...

Jul 16, 2018·Malaria is an infectious disease that causes many deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. In resource-poor malaria endemic communities, mosquito coils are commonly applied in households to repel the vector mosquito that transmits malaria parasites. In applying these coils, users have mainly been interested in the environmental health benefits potentially derived from repelling the mosquito, …

(PDF) Design and Fabrication of a Mosquito Repellent Coil ...

Various methods like pest killer spray, soap, oil is used to prevent mosquitoes from transmitting diseases to human but out of all the listed methods a mosquito repellent coil is the most popular ...

Effect of continuous inhalation of allethrin-based ...

Methods: Adult Wistar rats were allowed to inhale mosquito coil smoke for 15-180 days, and male reproductive tract tissues (caput, cauda, and testes) were collected. Using standard biochemical techniques, changes in oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation) and antioxidant status was measured.

ingredients and materials making mosquito coil trap ...

Mosquito Control | Pesticide Research Institute. The effectiveness of most other products marketed to repel mosquitoes differs greatly Burning citronella candles or mosquito coils containing allethrin are for outdoor use only and work best when there is little air movement Plant oils such as pine, spearmint, geranium and neem will help deter mosquitoes

Original Research COPD

2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) during the burning of mosquito coils (MCs) and study the impact of indoor ventilation patterns; and (2) to study and compare the prevalence of respiratory ailments in homes using different types of mosquito repellents. METHODS: Indoor PM 2.5 and CO levels were measured inside a bedroom during the burning

The activity of some pyrethroids, DDT and lindane in smoke ...

The action of smoke from smouldering mosquito coils against Aedes aegypti (L.), Anopheles stephensi List. and Culex pipiens fatigans Wied. was studied. Smokes from lindane or DDT coils did not inhibit biting of guinea-pigs by Ae. aegypti or A. stephensi nor did they cause knockdown. The pyrethroids (allethrin, pyrethrins, bioallethrin and S-bioallethrin in that order) were increasingly ...

Introduction to pyrethroids

Sep 14, 2021·This uncovered the research and development of pyrethroids by global pesticide scientists and technicians. One aspect of the widespread use of pyrethroids is mosquito coils or sprays, the main purpose of which is to kill mosquitoes. Pyrethroids are the main active ingredients of mosquito coils and electric mosquito coils used indoors.

A bibliography on mosquito coil smoke and indoor air ...

Aug 19, 2009·The aim of this hospital-based case-control study was to determine whether exposure to mosquito coil smoke is a risk for lung cancer. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 147 primary lung cancer patients and 400 potential controls to ascertain demographic data, occupation, lifestyle data, indoor environmental exposures (including habits ...

Formulations Development of Herbal Mosquito Repellent

mosquito repellents. The major active ingredient of the mosquito coils is Pyrethrins, accounting for about 0.3-0.4% of coil mass. When a mosquito coil is burned, the insecticides evaporate with the smoke which will then prevent the mosquitoes from entering the room. However, many people dislike the smell of the mosquito coils when

Oregano As A Mosquito Coil | Oregano | Antimicrobial

The coil is usually held at the centre of the spiral, suspending it in the air, or wedged by two pieces of fireproof nettings to allow continuous smoldering. Burning usually begins at the outer end of the spiral and progresses slowly toward the centre of the spiral, producing a mosquito-repellent smoke. A typical mosquito coil can measure ...

A systematic review of mosquito coils and passive ...

Dec 07, 2012·Liu WK, Wong MH, Mui YL: Toxic effects of mosquito coils (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats 1. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smoke. Toxicol Lett. 1987, 39: 223-230. 10.1016/0378-4274(87)90237-2. CAS Article PubMed Google Scholar 24.

Toxic Impacts of Sub-Chronic Inhalation of Mosquito Coil ...

International Research Journal of Environment Sciences_____ ISSN 2319–1414 Vol. 3(5), 86-91, May (2014) Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. International Science Congress Association 86 Toxic Impacts of Sub-Chronic Inhalation of Mosquito Coil Smoke in

(PDF) Lemongrass. Handbook of Spices - Find and share research

RRL-16: It is evolved from C. pendulus and released for cultivation from Regional Research Laboratory (RRL), Jammu, India. Average yield of herb is 15 to 20 t/ha/annum giving 100 to 110 kg

researches: LARVICIDAL EFFECT OF MADRE DE CACAO ...

Mar 26, 2014·The study showed that 50%, 75% and 100% concentration of extract were found to be very effective in killing household mosquito larvae (Culex pipiens) while 25% concentration of the extract came out only as effective.There was a significant difference in the level of effectiveness of Madre de Cacao (Gliricidia sepium) leaf extract as larvicide to household mosquitoes between 25% …

Formulations Development of Herbal Mosquito Repellent

mosquito repellents. The major active ingredient of the mosquito coils is Pyrethrins, accounting for about 0.3-0.4% of coil mass. When a mosquito coil is burned, the insecticides evaporate with the smoke which will then prevent the mosquitoes from entering the room. However, many people dislike the smell of the mosquito coils when

PROTECTIVE ROLE OF VITAMIN C AGAINST TOXIC INDOOR ...

twelve rats in each. Group I served as control (no exposure to mosquito coil smoke). Group II and III received mosquito coil smoke 8 hours a day, 7 days a week for 12 weeks. Group III rats are co-administered with oral supplementation of Vit. C (20 mg/kg body weight) once in a day for the same time period. At the end of each

Mosquito coil emissions and health implications.

The findings from the present study suggest that exposure to the smoke of mosquito coils similar to the tested ones can pose significant acute and chronic health risks. For example, burning one mosquito coil would release the same amount of PM(2.5) mass as burning 75-137 cigarettes.

+2 INVITATION TO ENGLISH, PART-III Pages 101 - 143 - Flip ...

May 26, 2018·_____ _____ _____ An improved kind of smoke-free mosquito coil, preferably one that produces a pleasantfragrance is likely to be widely accepted by the public. Sd/-(Director of Research) Reporting Events and Business Matters 113Activity 6Imagine that you are the President of the Literary Society of your college.